There are several thousand species of plant and animal in the British Isles.  Because we live in a densely populated country there are considerable pressures on the habitats that our plants and animals depend on to survive.  As a result of these pressures many species are protected or subject to biodiversity action plans and should be considered in development proposals.  Understanding what protected species may be present or could affect your development as early as possible is the best way to plan around them.  However we are able to assist you at any stage of development when issues with wildlife arise.


Certain plants and animals in the UK are protected.  The Highest level of protection is given to species of European importance.  In England and Wales these species are listed on Schedule 2 of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (The Conservation Regulations): http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/490/contents/made

The schedule includes:

  • All bats,
  • Hazel dormouse
  • Otter
  • Great crested newt
  • Natterjack toad
  • Smooth snake
  • Sand lizard

as well as several other species of plant and animal.

The presence of European Protected Species (EPS) must be considered in advance of a planning application in order for it to be legally determined. Where development affecting protected species is permitted a development licence may be required.

Other wildlife in England is protected under the following legislation:

The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended): http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1981/69

The Protection of Badgers Act 1992: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1992/51/contents

Richard Graves Associates is able to advise you on protected species, from identifying potential issues, undertaking survey and reporting, devising mitigation, obtaining and discharging licences and conditions.  Protected wildlife is usually a material consideration in planning.

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